How to browse the variety of plumbing products and choose exactly the toilet that fits perfectly with your bathroom interior.
Everyone treats the choice of a toilet differently. Some see it as a utility item for everyday use, others want functionality and aesthetic appeal to be combined in their chosen product. The selection of toilets in plumbing stores is vast. They differ in color, shape, arrangement of drainage mechanisms, and, most importantly, in price. For the average buyer, a household toilet that is worth about $ 100 is no different from a European model priced at 300 to 400 euros. How to choose the right toilet, what to look for to get the best device in your price range?
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Points To Choose A Sanitaryware
The first thing to pay attention to when choosing a toilet is the method of connection to a sewer riser. At the rear of the device is a bypass pipe, which can be positioned vertically (the outlet opening “faces” the floor), horizontally, or at a 45-degree angle. For most apartment buildings, an oblique (or horizontal) toilet is suitable.
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Water connection to the tank:
Most cheap household models offer a side water connection. The accessories are located at the top of the cistern, so until the toilet cistern is full, we listen to the sound of pouring water. It is preferable to choose models with the so-called “silent” filling of the tank, in which the water is supplied from the bottom. Here are options.
In some imported toilets, the hole to install the accessories is in the collection, but the assembly includes a bypass pipe that discharges the water to the bottom of the tank. The second option is that the water supply hole is located at the bottom. There are also models for universal connection with two holes: side and bottom. In this case, after installing the toilet, the unused hole is closed with a special plug.
Water drainage method
Most modern toilets are equipped with buttons for flushing the water. And only among cheap household devices can sometimes be found escape mechanisms with a handlebar, which must be raised. Almost all imported toilets are equipped with a dual-mode flush mechanism. In economy mode, half the volume of water is discharged; in full drain mode, the entire tank is emptied. With today’s rising water prices, a dual flush toilet is the best option.
Bowl shape and discharge flow.
When a jet of water enters the toilet water seal, in some cases, a water splash occurs. In this case, splashes of not very pure water can reach the buttocks of a person sitting on the toilet. How to choose a splash-free toilet? To avoid the splash effect, some manufacturers make a notched ceramic shelf in the bowl that redistributes the water flow. This design is not very successful. First, water is trapped in the hole and a messy rim of rust and lime deposits constantly forms around it. In addition, the entire volume of stool is retained on the “shelf”. And to wash them, you will need a large amount of water under pressure. Therefore, it cannot be an economic drain.
Toilets without a “shelf” with a sloping inner surface of the toilet are much more comfortable to use. In this case, most of the stool is immediately released into the water. This prevents unpleasant odors from spreading and requires a small amount of water to empty the container. Manufacturers solve the problem of splashing in such toilets in different ways. For example, they design the shape of the bowl so that the stream of water simply does not reach the seated person.
To determine which toilets work well, you need to take into account a factor such as the organization of the flush flow. According to this characteristic, the toilets can be divided into two types: with cascading and circular flush (vortex). In the first case, a continuous stream of water is directed along the center of the bowl, in the second, it is distributed around the edge of the toilet bowl. The circular drainage of the water creates a suction funnel, so dirt is removed more efficiently. Now, many leading manufacturers of plumbing fixtures focus on the production of circular flush toilets.
Depending on the installation method, three groups of toilets can be distinguished: floor-standing, console, and wall-mounted. Standing devices are the most common in our market. The floor-standing toilet is fixed to the base of the floor using dowels, which are normally supplied with the device itself.
The console toilet is mounted on a special metal frame – installation. The installation is installed hidden: it is sewn with mounting material (plasterboard) and laid with tiles. The facility has a built-in cistern, so it also happens to be behind the liner. Only the button to drain the water is shown on the front surface of the wall.
The attached toilet can be supplied as a compact (a device combining a bowl and a cistern) or with a separate cistern. In the second case, hidden cisterns are used (as in console toilets).
This is not to say that one of the presented toilet types has an advantage over other designs. When choosing here, it is worth focusing on the design solutions of a particular bathroom, the characteristics of the room configuration, and personal preferences.
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In everyday life, we call the material from which the bowl and cistern are made “earthenware.” In fact, the toilet bowl can be made of earthenware and porcelain. Which toilet is better to buy: porcelain or earthenware? In theory, sanitary ware is a denser and less porous material than earthenware. But in practice, this feature does not greatly affect the performance of the device. After all, the outside of the mold is covered with a thick layer of enamel, and the material itself does not come into contact with the aqueous medium. So the “porcelain toilet” is more of a marketing tactic for some companies. After all, we traditionally perceive porcelain as a better quality and more elite material.
When choosing a toilet, it is better to focus not on the material from which the mold is made, but on its quality. First, you need to evaluate the geometry of the part that will be adjacent to the base of the building. In freestanding toilets this is the bottom of the “leg”, in cantilever appliances, it is a lateral plane abutting the wall. The surface of these parts must be perfectly flat, without sags or “humps”. Otherwise, after installing the device, an uneven and ugly gap will appear between it and the base, and the device itself may wobble under loads.
The second quality indicator is the appearance of the enamel. It should be smooth, shiny, without marks, scratches, dark spots, and other defects. Some manufacturers produce plumbing fixtures (including toilets) with a special non-drip coating. The water droplets are instantly detached from the said coating and, shortly after use, the internal surface of the device becomes almost dry. This type of coating is preferable both from the point of view of hygiene and from the point of view of cleanliness. Harmful microorganisms do not grow on a dry surface. And since the water does not stay on the coating for long, there are practically no rust streaks or lime salt deposits.
ACCESSORIES AND TECHNICAL IMPROVEMENTS
Most manufacturers equip toilets with an accessory such as a seat. Seats can vary in price depending on the quality of the plastic from which they are made. The so-called “hard” seats are made of durable, low-porosity plastic. As a rule, on such seats hinges and fasteners made of special steel alloys are installed, and the cover is equipped with mechanisms that ensure its smooth lowering. In the advertisements on the sites, you can sometimes find a position like a toilet with a micro-elevator. This is not quite a correct definition, which means the mechanism for gently lowering the lid.
Cheap toilets are equipped with “semi-rigid” seats made of softer plastic. The fasteners and hinges on these seats are also made of plastic. Consequently, the service life of semi-rigid seats is not too long, the plastic quickly wears out and becomes covered with scratches.
The toilet, which displays urinalysis data on an electronic board, can hardly be considered a novelty. This model was developed in Japan more than twenty years ago. But, anyway, such a “miracle of technology” can only be found at specialized exhibitions. More affordable for the average consumer is a toilet with a bidet function. Warm water is supplied to a special retractable tap, which is located on the toilet bowl.
The water temperature can be set in advance using a thermostat. After the water procedures, the drying function is activated. There are also models of toilets with a self-cleaning function, which after each visit treat the bowl with a disinfectant or detergent. Of course, these toilets are not always available for sale. They must be requested from the supplier in advance, taking into account that, depending on the manufacturer, the delivery time can be from 1 to 2 months.
In some public institutions, a built-in toilet bowl of the floor type “Persian bowl” is still used. But the exotic for our country or a “relic of the Soviet past” is an absolute norm for Muslim countries. Due to religious traditions, Muslims are prohibited from using paper for hygiene procedures (so as not to contaminate their hands by touching “unclean places”). And in a Persian bowl, you can use a hygienic shower without any problem (although now many people install a hygienic shower next to a normal toilet).
Ordinary white ceramic toilets for the uninitiated viewer are all “on the same face.” But the design models can not be called monotonous. Here you can find metal-clad appliances, all-stainless steel toilets, porcelain bowls covered with hand-painted, gold, and embossed decorations. Of course, it is better to entrust the choice of a toilet from the elite categories to a professional designer.