Top Web Development Languages in Today’s World
Generally, this language refers to the coding and programming side of website construction as opposed to the web design side. It consists of everything from a simple page of HTML text to complex, feature-rich applications developed to be accessed from various Internet-connected devices.
It’s important to stay up-to-date with which web developer languages you need to know currently; that’s how you find jobs. The most important skill to be learned in today’s world is to know a computer language and how to write a computer program. Today, computers have entered every industry. For example, the autopilot in an aircraft or a digital speedometer in your bike, are all computers that surround us in various forms. Computers are extremely useful for an organization to scale up its current status. Gone are those old days of pen and paper. Today, to store, save and access your information, you are in dire need of computers.
Take a web development course and to stay up-to-date with web developer languages and enrich your career.
There are several programming languages with their specific purpose and contain a single set of keywords and syntax that are used to create instruction manuals. The programming language varies in the level of concept and classified into two categories:
- Low-level language.
- High-level language.
Low-level languages provide notion from the hardware and are represented in the binary form, 0 or 1 which are the machine languages. Low-level languages are classified as machine-level language & assembly- level language.
High-level language allows us to create and write programs that are independent of the type of computer. The high-level languages are named high-level because they are close to the languages that we humans use, and can be understood easily. But it requires all the attention to the logic of the problem. The language needs a compiler that can decode a high-level language and change it into a low-level language.
Let’s now take a look at the different types of programming languages:
Procedural Programming Languages
This programming example is derived from structured programming, which specifies a series of well-structured procedures and steps to write a program.
It provides a set of commands after dividing the program into variables, or functions, statements, and conditional operators. Various Programming editors or IDEs help users compose programming code using one or more programming languages. Some of them are Adobe Dreamweaver, Eclipse or Microsoft visual studio, C, Java, FORTRAN are some examples of Procedural Programming Language.
Functional Programming Languages
A functional programming language is kind of a declarative programming paradigm where programs are written by applying and composing functions. The language focuses on expressions and declarations than on the implementation of statements. The base of functional programming is lambda calculus which makes the use of conditional expressions and recursion to perform the calculations. It doesn’t support iteration like that in loop statements & conditional statements like if-else. Some of the most prominent functional programming languages are Haskell, Scala, ML, Scheme, and More.
Object-oriented programming Language
Scripting Programming Languages
All scripting languages are programming languages that don’t require a compilation step and are rather interpreted. The instructions are composed for a run-time environment. The languages are extensively used in – web applications, System administration, games applications, and also, multimedia. It is used to create plug-ins and extensions for already existing applications. Here are some of the popular scripting languages are:
- System Administration: Shell, PERL, Python
- Web Development: Ruby
- Linux Interface: BASH
The programming paradigm is hugely based on formal logic. The language doesn’t tell the machine how to do something but sets restrictions on what it shall consider doing. PROLOG, ASAP, and Datalog are major logic programming languages, rules are composed in the form of classes.
Read more: Are Online Coding Classes for Kids Worth It?
And, here are the most important computer languages, that a programmer must know for web development:
- Reduced website server demand by being client-side.
- Regular updates via the ECMA specification.
- It gives a richer interface to a website.
- Highly versatile.
- It is the programming language of the web.
- Simplistic implementation.
- Works exceptionally well with other programming languages.
- It provides plenty of resources and mammoth community support.
- Used for building a diverse range of applications.
- There is an absence of a copy or equivalent method.
- It allows only single inheritance.
- Might be interpreted differently by different browsers.
C# is a programming language that is almost similar to Java, making it an easy option to pick up for those who are already Java know-how. C# is object-specific, which means that it allows developers to define what kinds of operations can be functional to the data structure, making it a useful totaling to a well-rounded developer’s toolbox.
C# includes various strong programming features, including automatic garbage collection, assembly versioning, multi-threading, and simple Windows integration. C# users enjoy the capability to create efficient programs as a part of the .Net framework.
- An abundance of compilers and libraries that has to be worked with [C++]
- Eases accessing barren or hidden objects by other programming languages [C]
- Faster execution of programs than almost all programming languages [C/C++]
- Language of choice for multi-device, and multi-platform app development [C++]
- Forms the base for understanding more complex programming languages [C/C++].
- Procedure-oriented language with a group of function modules and function blocks. These make debugging, testing, and maintaining the programs, a lot easier. [C]
- Runs close to the system hardware and so offers a low level of abstraction [C/C++]
- Offers a great degree of portability [C]
- Programs are easier to understand [C/C++]
- Rich function library [C++]
- Support exception handling and function overloading easily [C++]
- Complex syntax [C/C++]
- A less efficient object-oriented system, when compared to other OOP-based
- Doesn’t support program namespace [C]
- Not capable of solving real-world programming challenges [C]
- No dynamic memory allocation [C/C++]
- Need to manually create the high-level constructs [C]
- No run-time checking [C/C++]
- Not an easy first-choice for learning programming [C/C++]
- No strict type checking [C]
- Smaller standard library [C]
- Plagued by the issues of buffer in abundance and memory corruption [C/C++]
While many web development languages have a dedicated developer community, the Python community is one of its most striking features. The support offered by this community makes it an easily available option for new programmers, and its popularity is on the move.
Python simplifies the coding procedure, offering spontaneous solutions that make it stand out from some of the most complex web languages. Other advantages of Python include its flexibility and the fact that it’s a very effective teaching tool for beginner developers.
- Creating and using classes and objects is easy credit to OOP characteristics.
- Has the ability to scale even the most complex applications.
- Extensive library support.
- Ideal for building prototypes and testing out ideas faster.
- Focuses on code readability.
- Very easy to learn and use.
- Open-source with ever-growing community support.
- Provides support for a huge number of platforms and systems.
- Not suitable for mobile computing.
- Slower by asset of being an interpreted programming language
- The database access layer is a bit immature
- Threading is not good because of GIL (Global Interpreter Lock)
Java is another popular choice in big organizations and it has been so for decades. Java is globally used for building enterprise-scale web applications. Java is known to be very stable and so many large enterprises have adopted it. If you are trying to find a development-based job at a large organization, Java is the language that you must learn. Java is also used in Android App Development. Almost any business today needs an Android Application as there are billions of Android users today. This opens up a huge chance for Java developers given the fact that Google has created an excellent Java-based Android development structure, which is – Android Studio.
- An abundance of open-source libraries
- Automatic memory allotment and garbage collection
- Follows the OOP archetype
- Has the stack allotment system
- A high degree of platform freedom thanks to the JVM feature
- Highly secure due to the exclusion of clear pointer and inclusion of a security manager responsible for defining the admission of classes
- Ideal for scattered computing
- Offers, in abundance, APIs for completing different tasks, such as database connection, networking, and XML parsing
- Supports multi-threading
- Absence of templates limits that create high-quality data structures
- Expensive memory management
- Slower than originally compiled programming languages, like C and C++.
Golang is a programming language developed by Google and is also known as Go. Go provides excellent support for multi-threading and therefore, it is being used by a lot of companies that depend heavily on distributed systems. Go is very much in use by the startups in Silicon Valley. But, it is yet to be put into use by Indian companies/startups. Those who wish to join a Valley-based startup focusing on core systems should master Golang.
Go, being the more focused language that it is, is tougher to learn, but once you know it you will be in high demand. The developers of Golang created this language loosely based it on the syntax of the C programming language, only after eliminating the irrelevant garbage of languages such as C++.
- Cleaner syntax makes it easier to learn
- Backed by Google
- Ideal for building SPAs (single-page applications)
- Being a statically-typed language makes it more protected
- Comprehensive standard library offering a range of integral functions for working with primitive types
- It is very fast as it is compiled to machine code
- It presents smart documentation
- The absence of a virtual machine makes complex programs less well-organized
- Implicit interfaces
- Lacks flexibility
- No GUI library
- disadvantaged library support
The programming and developer communities are rising at a faster rate than ever before. Various new programming languages are best suited for different categories of developers – be it beginners, intermediate, and experts – and for different use cases – like web applications, mobile applications, game development, distributed system, etc.
Read more: Top 7 Best Laptop for Programming [Top Picks – 2021]
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